An attack on a writer, the shutting down of a publishing house, the torching of a newspaper reduce the space in the world where ideas can flow. Freedom of expression is vital to writers and to readers but is challenged daily around the world. Listed here are organizations whose work on human rights and in particular issues of freedom of expression I’ve been engaged with directly and indirectly over the years. Some of the organizations have broader agendas, but all have contributed to keeping space open for the individual voice.

PEN International (with its 147 centers in over 100 countries)

PEN American Center

English PEN

PEN/Faulkner Foundation

Human Rights Watch

Amnesty International

Amnesty International USA

International Freedom of Expression Exchange (IFEX)

Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ)

Article 19

Index on Censorship

Poets and Writers

Authors Guild

International Center for Journalists