PEN Journey 17: Gathering in Helsingør
PEN International celebrates its Centenary in 2021. I’ve been active in PEN for more than 30 years in various positions and now as an International Vice President Emeritus. With memories stirring and file drawers of documents and correspondence bulging, I am a bit of a walking archive and have been asked by PEN International to write down memories. I hope this personal PEN journey will be of interest.
What I remember most about the gathering of colleagues from 28 countries—31 PEN centers—51 of us in all at the first Writers in Prison Committee conference in 1996 was the seriousness of purpose and intellect during the day and the fun and talent in the evenings.
Hosted by Danish PEN, writers from every continent gathered at a university in Helsingør—known in English as Elsinore, the home of Shakespeare’s Hamlet—where we met in workshops and ensemble during the day to shape and refine our work on behalf of writers and freedom of expression around the world. But in the evening we were at a small university in a small city without transportation or distraction so we entertained ourselves. Each delegate displayed talents—from poetry reading to song to dance to musical performances.
As Chair of the WiPC gathering, I’d brought none of my own writing to read and was left to exhibit meager other talent which consisted of playing a few opening bars of Für Elise on the piano and whistling tunes with my far more talented Danish and Russian colleagues. Archana Singh Karki from Nepal in flowing red dress entertained with her graceful dance; Siobhan Dowd, our Irish former WiPC director and Freedom of Expression director at American PEN, silenced us with her soulful Irish folk songs, sung acapella; Sascha, Russian PEN’s General Secretary, not only whistled robustly but recited his poetry, which I was told I should be glad I didn’t understand with its bawdy content; Sam Mbure from Kenya and Turkish/English novelist Moris Farhi also read and recited work. PEN International President Ronald Harwood joined the discussions in the day and was audience in the evening. I don’t recall if Ronnie offered his own work, but we all bonded in our mission and in our support for the talent in the room.
During the three days, we fine-tuned our methods of working on and campaigning for our main cases, those writers who were imprisoned, attacked or threatened because of their writing, often their nonviolent voice of protest against authoritarian regimes. We considered PEN’s decision-making on borderline cases such as those which included drug charges, advocacy of violence, pornography, hate speech, terrorism. These were not categories we normally took on as cases. We discussed when we might take up such a case or assign them to investigation or judicial concern. We laid the groundwork for more joint actions among centers and other organizations such as the U.N., OSCE and IFEX, the International Freedom of Expression Exchange.
With PEN’s WiPC staff Sara Whyatt and Mandy Garner, we set out a campaign calendar for the year, beginning with Turkey in May; China in June; Myanmar in July; Guatemala in September; Vietnam in October; Nigeria in November; Human Rights Day focus in December; Cuba in January; Rushdie and Fatwa and Iran in February; United Nations Commission on Human Rights lobbying in February/March and a return to China during the Chinese New Year in February/March; International Women’s Day in March and World Press Freedom Day in May. This campaign calendar meant that the London office would send information each month related to these foci, and PEN centers would plan programs if the campaign fit their work and the cases they had taken on.
We discussed the elements of successful missions to troubled areas and what future missions should be considered. In 1997 PEN International and Danish PEN sent representatives on a quiet mission to Cuba. We also strategized on the effect of writers observing trials in certain countries, particularly in Turkey.
During the conference a request came for members of PEN to sign on individually and en mass as publishers of a book in Turkey which republished an article by the famed Turkish novelist Yaşar Kemal, along with articles by other Turkish writers who were in prison because of their writing. Kemal had recently been charged because of an article he’d published in the German magazine Der Spiegel about the Kurds. The organizer in Turkey had gathered hundreds of Turkish writers, publishers, artists, and actors to sign on as publishers. They wanted to present the book and the list of hundreds of publishers to challenge the courts to bring charges against everyone. Many of us agreed to participate. This act launched a campaign in Turkey and a mission later in 1997. (Blog to come.) The independent Turkish Freedom of Expression Initiative has since gathered biennially for the last 23 years. For this kind of joint action PEN was primed to cooperate.
Finally in Helsingør the Writers in Prison Committee took a step towards opening up the election process for the WiPC Chair. My term was due to expire at the fall 1996 Congress in Guadalajara. We decided to select a nominating committee from members to find candidate(s) for the next chair rather than have the post appointed by the Secretariat in London. That process was later replicated in other elections in PEN and is standard procedure today.
Helsingør was a fitting venue for the first WiPC Conference, not only because of its literary credentials with the Kronborg Castle where most of Shakespeare’s Hamlet takes place, but also because of its historic legacy in World War II. Helsingør was one of the most important transport points for the rescue of Denmark’s Jews. A few days before Hitler had ordered that the Danish Jews were to be arrested and deported to concentration camps October 2, 1943, one of the Nazi diplomatic attaches who’d received word in advance shared the information with the Jewish community leaders. Using the name Elsinore Sewing Club, the Jewish leaders communicated with the population, and the Danes moved the Jews away from Copenhagen to Helsingør, just two miles across the straights to neutral Sweden. The Danish citizens hid their fellow Jewish citizens until they could get onto fishing boats, pleasure boats and ferry boats and escape over a period of three nights. The Danes managed to smuggle the majority of its Jewish citizens—over 7200 Jews and 680 non-Jews—across the water to safety.
Next Installment: PEN Journey 18: Picasso Club and Other Transitions in Guadalajara
I enjoyed reading your evocative recollections of this important conference.
Thank you, Susan
Glad to see you had fun while embarking on your noble mission. I hope the amazing work you have done and continue to do gets you the personal recognition and honors you deserve
Thank you, Malcolm. The work is done by many many writers around the world . The best recognition is in the results and the enduring friendships with these longtime colleagues.
Nostalgia. Remembering all the friends we loved, sharing the same idea of a better world. All gone ? I did not attend this festive evening. Was it the day when a few of us went to see the waves crossing the short distance that separates Sweden from Denmark ? Imagining threatened refugees hoping for a safe life ; and brave Swedes welcoming them with a bouquet of flowers ?
So good to hear from you, Fawzia. And to remember that conference and the friends.
Dear Joanne, I was asked by Carl Morten to say soamething about how I became active in Norwegian Writers in Prison Committee – and this is what I answered,You were “my” WiPC Chair in Freemantle!
Maybe we could – those of us who are still active and interested – come togheter – maybe in Lodnon?
All the best to you from Elisabet
In 1995, the chair of Norwegian PEN, Toril Brekke, and her deputy, Anders Heger, were to participate at the International PEN’s 62nd World Congress in Fremantle, Australia. However, Anders Heger had to cancel at very short notice, and I was asked to step in and attend my very first PEN Congress at the other side of the world. My agenda was to participate at the meetings of Writers in Prison Committee (WiPC), but I had an unclear view of what the committee’s work was, other than writing letters to support imprisoned and persecuted writers.
This was in the day and age when you really wrote letters, and when the fax machine was the most efficient and speedy means of communication.
At one of our first meetings in Fremantle we received the shocking and terrible news that Ken Saro-Wiwa, the imprisoned writer and environmental activist, had been beheaded in Nigeria. His execution provoked international outrage, and all PEN centers with a WiPC were expected to react accordingly. Abruptly I was made aware of the importance of this committee’s work, and above all: the importance of rapid action.
I felt at a loss to know what was expected of me, and Joanne Leedom-Ackerman, then the Chair of International PEN’s Writers in Prison Committee, was one of the many helpers who in Fremantle guided me into the work of this committee.
I asked questions: to whom do I write, how do I obtain addresses, how do I obtain updated information of prisoners, relevant authorities and governments when rapid action is needed?
PEN Centres with a WiPC are committed to protecting the fundamental right to freedom of expression, and we felt the need for guidelines to help us further this aim.
After Fremantle some WiPCs came together, and, supported by the efficient and proficient London-based staff of International WiPC in London, guidelines were collected and presented in what later became the WiPC handbook, a manual particularly aimed at new members with a Writers in Prison Committee.
In July 1998 the WiPC Handbook was printed with the financial support of European Human Rights Foundation, and a paper copy was revised in 2008.
Today the guidelines may be downloaded from the homepage of PEN International: A guide to defending writers under attack.
I have had the great and inspiring pleasure of attending many International PEN congresses and WiPC conferences since 1995. My first PEN Congress in Fremantle, Australia, is among the most memorable.
Dear Elisabet, How nice to hear from you over the years. I remember well the valuable handbook you shepherded and others helped with.
Yes, it would be good to see each other again. Hopefully many will come together for the Centenary Congress in 2021 in Oxford and London. Or before….Warm regards.
A very interesting blog post. It’s clear that the group was doing a lot of good and having fun as well.
Thank you, Kathy. Yes, it was work and fun with friends and colleagues from around the globe, many of whom still are active in PEN.
This is fascinating! I really enjoy your work and appreciate your sharing.
Did you ever live in Rome?
No, I’ve never lived in Rome, but I have been there numbers of times. Italy is one of my favorite destinations, and I hope we will all be able to travel there again at some future time. Thank you for your readership.